The city of Belgrade (Beograd) is the capital of Serbia.
It is situated on the Balkan Peninsula, at the confluence of Danube and Sava rivers.
The latitude and longitude of Belgrade is 44 o 50′North and 20 o 30′East.
The climate in Belgrade is a continental one with average daytime temperature around 12 degrees Celsius.
The official currency in Belgrade is Dinar.
It spreads over 3.6% of the territory of Serbia, and 15.8% of Serbian population lives in this city.
Also, 31.2% of all employed workers in Serbia work in Belgrade.
Being the largest city in Serbia, Belgrade is populated by more than 1.7 million inhabitants.
It’s name in Serbian translates to ‘the white city’. Over the years, it has had 14 different names.
Since it is one of the oldest cities in Europe (its history lasts more than 7000 years), Belgrade has a lot of historical sights to offer.
Many of them are turned into parks, which are being reconstructed now, and becoming more and more popular among tourists and citiznes as well.
Belgrade has the status of a separate territorial unit in Serbia, having its own autonomous city government.
Its territory is divided into 17 municipalities, having their own local governmental bodies.
In the field of traffic and transport, it is a city of the highest importance as a road and railway center,
as a port for river and air traffic, and as a telecommunication center. The largest airport in Serbia ( The Nikola Tesla airport) is located in Belgrade,
and so is the most important military airport (Batajnica).
Belgrade is the center of political, economical, cultural and educational power in Serbia.
The Belgrade University has educated thousands of experts, many of which have become well known worldwide.
Belgrade is famous for its nightlife – many discotheques, clubs and restaurants justify what The Times reported “Europe’s best nightlife can be found in buzzing Belgrade.”
In the Lonely Planet “1000 Ultimate Experiences” guide of 2009, Belgrade was placed at the 1st spot among the top 10 party cities in the world
So, if you want to experience a spirit of history mixed with welcoming young people, come to Belgrade, and there is no chance it will not meet you expectations!
Even after living in Belgrade for more than 20 years, I still haven’t discovered all of it, it still amazes me every day.
Pozarevac is a city and municipality located at 44 degrees and 37 minutes northern latitude and 21 degrees and 11 minutes eastern longitude. The number of people living in the city itself is around 50,000 and those living around the city is about 20,000. So, all together, the population of the municipality is 70,000 people. Pozarevac is also the center of the Serbian Branicevo District, therefore, all of the important business happens in my beautiful city.
Now, Pozarevac is rich with rivers but unfortunately, those rivers are not used to their fullest. We have Velika Morava, then Mlava, Mogila and finally, we have Danube, which it is not located in the city but is still close enough- 12 kilometers by car.
The city’s territory is mainly plain-there are two prairies, Stig and Pomoravlje and a hill that goes through the town called Sopotska or Moravska greda. The highest point of the city is placed on the part of Sopotska greda called Cacalica and is around 202 meters. Cacalica is not only famous for how high it is but because it is a place where people spend a lot of their time walking, running and just relaxing. Cacalica is also famous for its historical background and monuments but that is another topic.
A large part of the city’s territory is occupied by agricultural fields which represent one of the main sources of city’s income. Unfortunately, the area of the municipality is very poor with forests- only 4.5 % o the entire area is rich with trees so to say. Also, near Pozarevac, there is a small village Cirikovac which is famous for being rich in coal.
When it comes to climate, we are talking about temperate continental climate with an average year temperature of 13 degrees. The most frequent winds blowing in Pozarevac and around it are north winds.
Flora and fauna are not something spectacular when it comes to Pozarevac, but they need to be mentioned. Poplar, oak and willow are three names that you will most frequently hear when you talk about trees in Pozarevac. Animals that can appear in and around the city are fox, rabbit, squirrel, pheasant and goose. Sports fishing is developed thanks to the great number of rivers filled with carp, catfish, barbel and perch.
So, if you wish to visit this beautiful city, just hop on a bus, train or get into your car and come. You will love it, I promise.
Valjevo city and municipality is located in western Serbia and is the center of Kolubara District, which includes five other smaller municipalities. It has nearly 97 thousand inhabitants and it occupies an area of 905 square kilometers. River Kolubara flows through the town, the river which is a tributary of the Sava River.
The town is located 100 km away from Belgrade, Serbia’s capital. It takes around an hour and a half to get there by a bus, and the connection between these two towns is pretty good. In Valjevo’s close vicinity is one of the most important republic highways- Ibar highways, which connects the north and the south of the country. Another important thing to mention is Belgrade-Bar railway which passes through Valjevo, and connects the capital of the country with Montenegro and Adriatic Sea.
Valjevo is famous for the canyon of river Gradac, whose almost untouched nature attracts many citizens and visitors during hot summer days. Gradac is one of the cleanest Europian rivers. That this is not only a saying can easily be proved, since otters can be found there, and these species inhabit solely clean waters. Near Gradac, 5 km from the center of the town, there is Pocibrava Lake, a meeting place for fishermen and swimmers. Also worth mentioning is Petnica swimming pool, also in town’s vicinity, to witch I often refer as “paradise on earth”. I shall reveal more details about this place in some of my further blog entries. Let it stay a mystery for the time being.
Valjevo’s mountain range (Medvednik, Jablanik, Povlen, Maljen, Suvobor) with gently-rolling hills, which surrounds the town, is an oasis of clean air, medicinal herbs and forest fruits. The environment is kept away from industrialization and the soil is unpolluted. The air-spa of Divchibare is ideal for rest, rehabilitation and recreation. Divchibare, a plateau in the mountain Maljen, has an average altitude of 1000 m. It is 28 km away from Valjevo and 110 km from Belgrade. In the past several years many innovations have been introduced in order to attract more tourists.
I wouldn’t like to be biased, but Valjevo is really one of the most beautiful towns I’ve been to. I’ve talked to many people who visited it and who share my opinion. It is a completely different thing that the town’s economy is dead and that people governing it don’t invest much into improving it, but the natural beauty is indisputable.
In the northeastern part of Shumadija there is a small but vivid town called Smederevska Palanka. On the north and northwest side of the town there is the area called Podunavlje, on the east side - the valley of the Morava River and on the south and west side there are two mountains called Kosmaj and Rudnic.
The municipality of Smederevska Palanka is located at the 44 degrees north latitude and 20 degrees east longitude with the altitude of 100 to 286 meters. This whole area has a hilly plain character and it’s composed of wide and shallow valleys of the rivers: Jasenica, Kubrshnica and Veliki Lug which are surrounded by low hills. These rivers are occasionally full of water and during the periods of drought, they do not exceed the size of the larger streams. The land is mostly covered with eutric cambisol; the downland is covered with smonitsa and the valleys with the alluvial smonitsa. Four artificial lakes were created by the regulation of the flow of the rivers and streams: Lake Kudreč on the outskirts of Palanka, Lake Pinosava which is located in the beautiful surroundings of the church in Kusadak ( a village that belongs to the municipality ), Lake Vlashkodolsko and at the end Lake Golobachcko near the highway. All of them have contributed to the excellent conditions for tourism and sport fishing in particular.
Smederevska Palanka has temperate continental climate with an average annual rainfall of 620 mm. The average temerature is 11.4 degrees Celsius and the annual duration of sunshine is 2.122 hours. The Spring and the late fall are exceptionally rainy while the summer and the beginning of the fall are mainly dry. This region is characterized by low to moderate cloudliness but it is still a relatively sunny area with July as the warmest month of the year. Temperature ranges are one of the main characteristics of the climate of this area, especially between the night and the day. The wind is pleasant and refreshing. The West wind occurs throughout the year and brings rainy weather while the North wind brings dry and sunny weather during the summer.
FLORA AND FAUNA
There was a time when this area was covered with large and dense forests, which are mentioned in the itineraries of many writers. Deforestation began after the uprising in the 19th century when the region was rapidly populated. In order to reach the fertile land people firstly had to clear the land of forests. Today this area is one of the poorest areas covered with trees in the whole Serbia and only 2% of its surface is covered with forests.
While there were large forests, this region was full of big game and now there is only a deer. There are no wild animals, except at times when the fox appear. The animal which is mostly hunted is the rabbit. Regarding the small game there are numerous pheasants and partridges but also many wild ducks when it’s their hunting season. The nightingale is a regular guest from late fall till spring and the most pleasant resident of this area.
Smederevska Palanka was originally a village on the road to Constantinople but the form that it has today actually began to develop when the railway had passed through the village. So, its regulatory plan was already built in the final quarter of the last century,.
According to the census from the year 2002, Smederevska Palanka is inhibited by 59.605 people. 32.660 people live in the surrounding villages that belong to the municipality and within the town – 26.945 inhabitants.
According to the census from the year 1863. Palanka had 1. 272 inhabitants, 56 of them were Turks and there was one Austrian. The largest settlement dates back to that time, to be more precise – before and after The First Serbian uprising. The largest recorded increase of population was in the period since the year of 1948. till 1963, when the population doubled and rose to the 13, 335 inhabitants.
Palanka is one out of 120 municipalities in Serbia and it is densely populated. Regarding the size of the territory it is the 58th town and it occupies 0.8% of the total Serbian territory. Regarding the total population of the municipality it is the 31st.
Smederevska Palanka is friendly and welcoming, beautiful for its picturesque surroundings, artificial lakes, hills, vineyards, orchards and the unique atmosphere that everyone should experience.
For a student of the University of Belgrade like myself, Smederevo is a real gem of a city…
Why? Well, of course, because of its remarkable position! It is located some 47-ish kilometers (south-east) away from the capitol, on the right bank of the Danube, which means that it is close enough that you can get to Belgrade in about an hour (by a bus) and still far enough that you won’t receive a court order to pay your fines for getting caught by the public transport control while without a ticket! Still, in case you are a law-abiding citizen and don’t find this trait too attractive, there are many others this city has to offer.
This administrative center of the Podunavlje district has in terms of landscape a little something for everyone, for there is a clear distinction between its lower (eastern) part- Pomoravlje- with an average altitude of 85 meters and the higher (western) part- Šumadija- 169,2 meters. Also, being located on the second Europe’s longest river, the Danube, and Great Morava only adds to this city’s charm… and its trade and industrial capacities- since it can host Black Sea ships and its riverbanks are suitable for construction of ports and marinas!
The city spreads over 482 square kilometers and is home to 117,134 inhabitants, 83,768 of which live within the city… and all of them can flee this lovely place easily whenever they want, thanks to its being on the international E-75 highway, corridor 10, which connects Budapest, Belgrade, Niš, Thessaloniki and Athens! Or- if they prefer trains- the international railway line connecting Budapest and Belgrade with Athens and Sofia is also available.
Still, before you decide to use one of these great ways of escaping- you might want to sit down for a second and take a sip of some of Smederevo’s finest wines, for it is a region well-known for its vineyards… After that, who knows- you just might like it and decide to stay.